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APA Style Guide

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Journal – APA Reference List


  • The title of article is in sentence case – Only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized. Always capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon or a dash.
  • The journal title is in title case – Each word in the title is capitalized, except for articles (a, an, the), prepositions (against, between, in, of, to), conjunctions (and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet), and the infinitive 'to'.

Journal – Print version

  • Include issue number if the journal is paginated by issue.


Author, A. A. (Year published). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp.


Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.

Journal – Electronic version

  • If possible use DOI over URL
  • For electronic versions based on a print source (such as PDF), include page numbers.
  • If there is no DOl assigned give the URL of the journal home page.
  • No retrieval date is required


Author, A. A., Author, B. B. , & Author, C. C. (Year published). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx [OR] Retrieved from URL of publication's home page


  • Harden, K. P., Lynch, S. K., Turkheimer, E., Waldron, B. M., Martin, N. G., Emery, R. E., . . . D'Onofrio, B. M. (2007). A behavior genetic investigation of adolescent motherhood and offspring mental health problems. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116, 667-683. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.116.4. 667
  • Terracciano, A., Abdel-Khalek, A. M., Ádám, N., Adamovová, L., Ahn, C., Ahn, H., . . . McCrae, R. R. (2005). National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures. Science, 310, 96-100. doi:10.1126/science.1117199
  • Sillick, T. J., & Schutte,, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 22(2), 38-48. Retrieved from

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