|Blue text||Replace with information from source|
|Purple bold text||Text required by the APA style|
|[Gray text in brackets]||Tips|
Interview – APA Reference List
Personal interviews are not included in the reference list because they are not considered recoverable data. You may cite them within the text as a personal communication.
Eating too much sugar is unhealthy (J. Donahue, personal communication, April 19, 2014).
According to J. Donahue (personal communication, April 19, 2014) eating too much sugar is unhealthy.
If you have read or listened to the interview (i.e they are retrievable in audio or print form), use the reference format appropriate for the source.
Unlike informational interviews, recoverable interviews from archives, multimedia, and publications are listed in both in-text citation and reference list. For interviews published online or in print, follow the appropriate guides and format for a specific reference (e.g. magazine, journal, and blog post). In some cases, you can combine different elements that correspond to a certain source in order to provide the readers with the essential information to locate the reference.
For interviews with no formal title, write "Interview by (Name of the Interviewer)" in lieu of the title.
Doe, J. (2014, July 16). Transcript from That TV Show . (A. Lalonde, Interviewer). Retrieved from http://www.madeupurl.com/transcripts/thattvshow.html
Edison, B. (2004, October 21). Crossing Canada on a bicycle (L. Garden, Interviewer) Bicycle News, 12(3). Retrieved from http://www.bicyclenews.com
Smith, M. B. (1989, August 12). Interview by C. A. Kiesler [Tape recording]. President’s Oral History Project. American Psychological Association. APA Archives, Washington, DC.
Edelman, M. W. (2004, October 21). Marian Wright Edelman: Bush leaving kids behind (T. Smiley, Interviewer) [Audio clip]. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4120281