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Interview – APA Reference List

Personal Interviews

Personal interviews are not included in the reference list because they are not considered recoverable data. You may cite them within the text as a personal communication.

In-text citation:

Eating too much sugar is unhealthy (J. Donahue, personal communication, April 19, 2014).

According to J. Donahue (personal communication, April 19, 2014) eating too much sugar is unhealthy.

If you have read or listened to the interview (i.e they are retrievable in audio or print form), use the reference format appropriate for the source.

Retrievable Interviews

Unlike informational interviews, recoverable interviews from archives, multimedia, and publications are listed in both in-text citation and reference list. For interviews published online or in print, follow the appropriate guides and format for a specific reference (e.g. magazine, journal, and blog post). In some cases, you can combine different elements that correspond to a certain source in order to provide the readers with the essential information to locate the reference.

For interviews with no formal title, write "Interview by (Name of the Interviewer)" in lieu of the title.

Web

Format:

Person-interviewed, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Interview title (F. M. Last, Interviewer). Title of webpage. Retrieved from http://www.url.com

Example

Doe, J. (2014, July 16). Transcript from That TV Show . (A. Lalonde, Interviewer). Retrieved from http://www.madeupurl.com/transcripts/thattvshow.html

Magazine

Format:

   Person-interviewedPP. (Date recorded). Title of interview (II. Interviewer, Interviewer). [OR] Interview by I. I. Interviewer. Title of Magazine, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. Retrieved from URL of magazine's home page

Example:

Edison, B.  (2004, October 21). Crossing Canada on a bicycle (L. Garden, Interviewer) Bicycle News, 12(3). Retrieved from http://www.bicyclenews.com

Archive

Format:

    Person-interviewedPP. (Date Interviewed). Interview title (I. I. Interviewer, Interviewer) [OR] Interview by I. I. Interviewer. [Medium] Collection Name. Repository name, Location.

Example:

Smith, M. B. (1989, August 12). Interview by C. A. Kiesler [Tape recording]. President’s Oral History Project. American Psychological Association. APA Archives, Washington, DC.

Audio

Format:

   Person-interviewedPP. (Date recorded). Title of interview (II. Interviewer, Interviewer). [OR] Interview by I. I. Interviewer.[Audio clip]. Retrieved from http://www.url.com

Example:

Edelman, M. W. (2004, October 21). Marian Wright Edelman: Bush leaving kids behind (T. Smiley, Interviewer) [Audio clip]. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4120281



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