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|Purple bold text||Text required by the APA style|
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Book – APA Reference List
- Capitalization: Book title and chapter title are in sentence case – Only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized. Always capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon or a dash.
- State/Country: Include two-letter state or province abbreviation (if U.S.A or Canada) or name of country (if not U.S.A. or Canada).
- If more than one city of publication is listed in the book you are citing, use the first one listed.
Book – Print Version
- Associations, corporations, agencies, government departments and organizations are considered authors when there is no single author
- For editions other than the first, add the number of the edition after the title.
- When the same organization is listed as the author and the publisher, place the word, Author, in place of the publisher name.
- Blankenship, B. (1998). Baker roll 1924: Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina. Cherokee, NC: Cherokee Roots.
- Kempe, C. H., & Helfer, R. E. (1980). The battered child (5th ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
- World Bank (2004). Gender and development in the Middle East and North Africa: women in the public sphere. Washington, DC: Author.
Edited Book – Print Version
- When citing an entire book that lists editors on its title page, insert the editor's name in the place where the authors' names are now, followed by (Ed.) (if only one editor), (Eds.) (if more than one editor is listed)
- Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
- Ickes, W. (Ed.). (1998). Empathic accuracy. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Translated Book – Print Version
- The first initials and last name of the translator and the notation 'Trans.' should be included in parentheses after the title of the book
- Include the original date of publication at end of citation
- Freud, S. (2003). The psychopathology of everyday life (A. A. Brill, Trans.). New York: Penguin Books. (Original work published 1901)
Chapter in an edited book – Print version
- When you list the pages of the chapter or essay in parentheses after the book title, use "pp." before the numbers: (pp. 1-21).
- Herrmann, R. K., & Finkle, F. (2002). Linking theory to evidence in international relations. In W. Carlsnaes, T. Risse, & B. A. Simmons (Eds.), Handbook of international relations (pp. 119-136). London, England: Sage.
Book – Electronic version
- If possible use DOI over URL
- Replace place and publisher information with the DOI or retrieval information.
- Anderson, C. A., Gentile, D. A., & Buckley, K. E. (2007). Violent video game effects on children and adolescents: Theory, research, and public policy. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309836.001.0001
- Engelschall, R. S. (1997). Module mod_rewrite: URL rewriting engine. In Apache HTTP server version 1.3 documentation (Apache modules). Retrieved from http://httpd.apache.org/docs/1.3/mod/mod_rewrite.html